They provide a recipe to help other researchers find the best balance between conductivity and transparency by creating a three-layer anti-reflection surface. The conductive metal layer is sandwiched between two “dielectric” materials that allow light to pass through easily. The dielectrics reduce the reflection from both the plastic and metal layer between them.
“We developed a way to make coatings with high transparency and conductivity, low haze, excellent flexibility, easy fabrication and great compatibility with different surfaces,” said Jay Guo, a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at U-M, who led the work.
The paper, published in Nature Communications, is titled, “Ultrathin-metal-film-based transparent electrodes with relative transmittance surpassing 100%.”